October 2016

Remarkable Bolivian Women

L.A.E.L. English Department wanted to make a special work to honor Bolivian Women in this October through the presentation of some works of the students of the career of Applied Linguistics Language Teaching


Photo by: http://elias-blanco.blogspot.com

Across the country, the October 11th is the day dedicated to celebrate Bolivian Woman's Day. This celebration was first established by President Lidia Gueiler in 1980 in memory of Adela Zamudio, who was a singular poet, dedicated teacher, and a pioneer of feminism in Bolivia. Zamudio was born in Cochabamba in 1854. Her intellectual work and practice pioneered the struggle for a greater and more equitable participation of women in Bolivian society, constituting a benchmark for the cause of gender equality.

Undoubtedly, it had to be a woman, the only female president that our country had, who instituted a tribute to the Bolivian woman. However, it must be mentioned that there were some attempts to recognize the courage and contribution of women in different areas. President René Barrientos gave in 1969 a gold medal to Nora Siles, a medical volunteer who created the hospital to treat lepers in the town of Los Negros. Maybe this was the first time when a Women's Day was established but forgotten over time.

As far as women's participation and contribution to the country's development, some changes have taken place in the collective mind of Bolivian society. Women are more active in their daily activities, institutional structures, and in all fields of economic, political, social, and cultural activities; all the while keeping their primary roles as mothers and wives. There are few developments that gradually accumulate in the direction of women empowerment – which is so far slow, difficult, and resisted – but nevertheless are reflected in increasing female participation in the most diverse spheres of activity. However, despite this, the fact remains that they are still enormous difficulties, as confirmed by the rates of violence showing that many women are daily victims in our country. Undoubtedly, there is still too much to do towards building a country in which discrimination based on gender is just a thing of the past.

Nowadays, women are playing very active roles in all fields, and this is intended to be a humble homage for those brave women who are leading the way to a new world. I would like to conclude quoting the first paragraph of a poem called "Born Man," written by Adela Zamudio and to illustrate female condition all over the world. She spends much of her work correcting her husband's clumsiness, and at home, (Let me amaze me). As inept as fatuous, it follows him being the head, because he is a man!

ADELA ZAMUDIO

Roxana Verizaga
Student of L.A.E.L.,
San Simon University


Photo by: http://elias-blanco.blogspot.com

Zamudio was born in Cochabamba by the year 1860. She was involved in education throughout her life. She was a writer, thinker, poet, and painter. She was also director and professor of the first high school in Bolivia. Adela Zamudio had a temperament similar to Gabriela Mistral, and in another setting would have achieved her reputation with her truly extraordinary personality. This poet also evolved her literary prose, distinguished by the vigor and elegance of style in her novels and the stories.

Adela Zamudio founded the first school of painting in Bolivia for women in 1911. Later on, she founded a painting school for children that live in the outskirts of Cochabamba.

"Soledad" was the pseudonym she used to write poetry. In a short time she had a huge success and became an outstanding figure in the Romantic literature of this period.


Photo by: http://elias-blanco.blogspot.com

Her work reflects with subtlety and irony the social and economic injustice of the time. She fought bravely for the social and intellectual emancipation of women. Sadly this rebellion couldn´t find eco within the writers of these times, and the interest of religious authorities created serious questions about her ideas.

She also authored some stories that can be mentioned among the best ever written in Bolivia.

WORKS: "Political Essays" (Buenos Aires 1887), "Intimate", "Wandering", "bursts" (Paris, 1914), "Short Stories".

Many known Bolivian writers have reviewed the work of the poet, teacher and predecessor, including Augusto Guzman, who conducted the most comprehensive study in "Biography of an Illustrious Woman." Adela Zamudio died in 1928.

BARTOLINA SISA
(1753 – 1782)

Mabel Espinoza Navia
Student of L.A.E.L., San Simon University


Photo by: https://www.servindi.org/actualidad/92872

She was born on August 24th, 1753 in the Sullkawi community, and died on September 5th, 1783.

Bartolina Sisa was a heroic woman and a courageous warrior, fulfilling her role as vicereine and Aymara commander. Her parents were Jose Sisa and Josefa Vargas. At the age of 25, she married the viceroy and Aymara leader Julian Apaza, better known as Tupac Katari. She was a brave woman who fought against the Spanish forces during the Aymara – Qhishwa rebellion or insurgency that broke out in 1781. She was a native woman who fought against Spanish oppression, seeking freedom and a dignified life for all her indigenous brothers. She was betrayed by her peers, who delivered her as a war prisoner to the Spaniards; who tortured, raped, bounded, and hanged her on Murillo Square in the city of La Paz. Her body was dismembered and displayed on all the places where she lived and fought.

JUANA AZURDUY DE PADILLA
(1780 – 1860)

Lesly Quisberth
Student of L.A.E.L., San Simon University


Photo by: Wikipedia

Juana Azurduy de Padilla was born in the village of Toroca (Bolivia) on July 12, 1780. Together with her husband Manuel Ascencio Padilla, she fought for independence in South America. She never stopped fighting. She saw her four children die, and she continued fighting despite being pregnant with her fifth child. She did everything motivated by her love for her country. On November 14th, 1816 her husband was mortally wounded while trying to rescue Juana, who had been previously injured.

She kept fighting until the revolutionary government was finally established and subsequently returned home. The government later granted her a pension when she officially retired in 1857; however, she died in poverty on May 25th, 1862.

Bolivar told his deputy, Antonio Jose de Sucre: "This country should not be called Bolivia in my honor, but Padilla or Azurduy because they are the ones who made it free."

Calendario OCTUBRE 2016

Alianza Francesa

> LUNES DE CINE FRANCÉS
El Rumor de la Llajta

Lunes 10 de octubre 19:00
21 nuits avec Pattie


Lunes 17 de octubre 19:00
Crache-coeur

> SEMANA DEL CINE EUROPEO
Miércoles 5 de octubre 19:00
Alda et Maria

Lunes 24 de octubre 19:00
Hannah Arendt

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